Voskopoje was one of the most developed and prosperous cities in the European part of the Ottoman Empire between the 17 and 18th century. Although located in a rather isolated place in the mountains of southern Albania, the city rose to become the most important center of the Aromanians. In its glory days (1760s), it is said that it had a population surpassing 60,000 and was the second most important city of the Balkans in regard to population and prosperity.
At the second half of the 18th century, Voskopoja was ruined and turned again into a village as it had been originally. The pillaging of the town, especially of its treasures, of the records and manuscripts of its churches continued even during the World War I and II. Voskopoja remains to this day as an abundant storehouse of art works.